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SOHAIL & CO.: The Child Labour Act, 1986

Object of the Act

To regulate the conditions of the work of the children in certain employment.

The Important clarifications

  • 'Child' means a person who has not completed his 14 years of age.
  • 'Establishment1 includes a shop, commercial establishment, workshop, farm, residential hotel, restaurant, eating house, theatre or other place of public amusement or entertainment.


Prohibition of employment of children In certain occupations and processes

No child to be employed in occupation set forth In Part A of the Schedule or any workshop wherein any of the processes set-forth in Part B of the Schedule is carried on.


Hours and period of work

  • Not to exceed three hours
  • Interval for rest- one hour
  • Spread over not more than six hours inclusive of interval and the time spent for waiting.


Not permitted to work

  • Between 7 pm to 8 am.
  • Overtime working.

If such a child is working in another establishment.


Weekly holidays

One whole day, not to be altered more than once in three months.


Notice to Inspector

Notice to Inspector

Furnishing details of

  • Name and situation of establishment.
  • Name of the person in actual management of the establishment.
  • Address for communication.
  • Nature of the occupation.


Dispute as to age

In the absence of certificate of age, can be referred for decision of prescribed medical authority.


Display of notice

To contain abstract of section 3 pertaining to prohibition of employment of children and the provisions for penalties


Maintenance & production of register by occupier

  • The name and date of birth of every child so 1" employed or permitted to work.
  • Hours and period of work of any such child and the intervals of rest to which he is entitled.
  • The nature of work of any such child.
  • Such other particulars as may be prescribed.


Health and safety

Health and safety

In the To be notified by appropriate government in accordance with guidelines given in section 13 of the Act.



Offence Punishment
for violation of section 3 Imprisonment for not less than 3 months which may extend to one year, or fine not less than 10,000/- which may extend to Rs.20,000/- or both.
Repetition of violation Imprisonment for a term not less than six months which may extend to two years
give notice as required by section 9
  • maintain a register as required by section 11 or make any false entry in any such registers; or
  • display a notice containing an abstract of section 3 and this section as required by section 12, or
  • comply with or contravene any other provisions of this Act or the Rules made thereunder.
Shall be punishable with simple imprisonment which may extend to one month or with fine which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both. Punishment