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SOHAIL & CO.: The Factories Act, 1948 ::Sohail & Co.

Applicability of the Act

Any premises whareon 10 or more persons with the aid of power or 20 or more workers are/were without aid of power working on any day preceding 12 rnonths, wherein Manufacturing process is being carried on.

Sec. 2(ll)

Registration & Renewal of Factories

Registration & Renewal

To be granted by Chief Inspector of Factories on submission of prescribed form, fee and plan.

Sec. 6

Employer to ensure health of workers pertaining to

health of workers
  • Cleanliness
  • Disposal of wastes and effluents
  • Overcrowding
  • Artificial humidification
  • Lighting
  • Drinking water
  • Spittoons

Secs. 11 to 20

Safety Measures

Safety Measures
  • Fencing of machinery
  • Work on or near machinery In motion.
  • Employment prohibition of young persons on dangerous machines,
  • Striking gear and devices for cutting off power.
  • Se if-acting machines,
  • Casing of new machinery.
  • Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers.
  • Hoists and lifts.

Secs. 21 to 28

Working Hours, Spread Over and Overtime of Adults

Working Hours
  • Weekly hours, not more than 48.
  • Daily hours not more than 9 hours.
  • Intervals for rest at least 1/2 hour on working for 5 hours.
  • Spreadover not more than 101/2 hours.
  • Overlapping shifts prohibited.
  • Extra Wages for overtime double than normal rate of wages.
  • Restrictions on employment of women before 6 A.M. and beyond 7 P.M.

Secs. 51,54 to 56,59 & 60

Welfare Measures

  • Washing facilities
  • Facilities for storing and drying clothing.
  • First-aid appliances-one first aid box (not less than one) for every 150 workers
  • Canteens when there are 250 or more workers.
  • Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms when there are 150 or more workers.
  • Creches when there are 30 or more women workers.
  • Welfare office when there are 500 or more workers.

Secs. 42 to 49

Employment of Young Persons

  • Prohibition of employment of young children e.g. 14 years.
  • Non-adult workers to Carry tokens e.g. certificate of fitness.
  • First-aid appliances-one first aid box (not less than one) for every 150 workers

Secs. 67, 68 & 71

Annual Leave with Wages

Annual Leave with Wages
  • A worker having worked for 240 days @ one day for every 20 days and for a child one day for working of 15 days,
  • Accumulation of leave for 30 days.

Secs. 67, 68 & 71

Offence Penalties Secs. 92 to 106A
For contravention of the provisions of the Act or Rules. Imprisonment upto 2 year or fine upto Rs. 1,00,000 or both.
On continuation of contravention Rs. 1000 per day.
On contravention of Chapter IV pertaining to safety or dangerous operations. • Not less than Rs. 25,000 in case of death.
• Not less than Rs. 5,000 in case of serious injuries.
Subsequent contravention of some provisions. Imprisonment upto 3 years or fine not less than Rs. 10,000 which may extend to Rs. 2,00,000.
Obstructing Inspectors Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs. 10,000 or both.
Wrongful disclosing result pertaining to results of analysis. Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs. 10,000 or both.
For contravention of the provisions of Secs. 41B, 41C and 41H pertaining to compulsory disclosure of information by occupier, specific responsibility of occupier or right of workers to work imminent danger. • Imprisonment upto 7 years with fine upto Rs. 2,00,000 and on continuation fine @ Rs. 5,000 per day.
• Imprisonment upto 10 years when contravention continues for one  year.